In Sjögren’s, Plaquenil is used to treat many symptoms of Sjögren’s including fatigue, joint symptoms of arthritis and arthralgias (joint pain), dry mouth and dry eyes. Similar to its use in systemic lupus erythematosus, many clinicians feel that it is useful in reducing general Sjögren’s “disease activity.” One of the reasons that physicians feel comfortable in prescribing Plaquenil is its low risk to benefit ratio. Chloroquine resistant malaria meaning Plaquenil doxycycline lyme Hydroxychloroquine HCQ has been used for therapy of rheumatologic disorders since the 1950s. Ocular toxicity associated with HCQ use was initially described in the 1960s 1, 2. The incidence of HCQ retinopathy is estimated at 1 % after consumption of HCQ for 5 years 3. The estimated risk of hydroxychloroquine retinopathy in patients on chronic hydroxychloroquine therapy ranges from 0.4% to 8.0%. 1 Toxicity is thought to be dependent on cumulative total dose. 3 Additional factors that can precipitate early toxicity are concomitant renal disease and use of tamoxifen. 3 Hydroxychloroquine and Retinal Screening Hydroxychloroquine is used routinely in the early arthritis pathway for new onset rheumatoid arthritis alongside methotrexate and is also used in connective tissue diseases. It is normally initiated by rheumatologists or dermatologists with As with any medication, allergic reactions including skin rashes and non-allergic reactions can occur. This means that the side effects of Plaquenil are mild and infrequent compared with its potential benefits. Retinal scanner for patients on hydroxychloroquine Hydroxychloroquine-Induced Retinal Toxicity - American., Retina Today - Imaging in Hydroxychloroquine Toxicity April. Plaquenil bullseye retinopathyPlaquenil 2 mg The Risk of Retinal Toxicity with Plaquenil. Plaquenil, hydroxychloroquine HCQ, is an anti-malarial medication that has been proven to be useful in the treatment of patients with rheumatoid arthritis RA, systemic lupus erythematosus SLE and other inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. The Risk of Retinal Toxicity with Plaquenil - Sjogren's. Hydroxychloroquine and Retinal Screening. Multimodal Imaging in Plaquenil Toxicity. With all of the physical and emotional complications that lupus can cause, it’s easy to overlook symptoms that seem minor at first. But take this advice Don’t ignore changes in vision. While side effects of corticosteroids are usually to blame, there is also the possibility of ocular damage. Since patients with initial stages of hydroxychloroquine retinal toxicity often present with partial paracentral or complete pericentral ring scotomas, 6, 7 we hypothesized that retinal anatomical changes may be observed initially in the perifoveal area. This study expanded upon an initial study by more specifically identifying which region of the macula and cellular levels in the inner retina were selectively thin. Chloroquine-induced retinal toxicity was first described in 1959 and the retinal toxic effects of hydroxychloroquine were later described in 1967 3, 4. Hydroxychloroquine has significantly less retinal toxicity and has largely replaced chloroquine as a treatment of inflammatory disease.